PIV investigation of cavitating flows around circular cylinders with hydrophobic coatings
Keywords:cylinder wake, flow cavitation, flow separation, hydrophobicity, PIV
The treatment of the hydrophobic properties of solid surfaces is considered as a passive method to reduce the drag in water flows (Rothstein, 2010) and to potentially affect the flow separation and vortex shedding (Sooraj et al., 2020). The manufacturing of surfaces with micro- and nano-scale roughness allows to extend the hydrophobicity towards superhydrophobicity with the contact angle close to 180°. In such conditions the solid surface is not wetted completely and the air-water interphase partially remains on the surface texture. This results in so-called flow slip effect. Therefore, a local phase transition during the flow cavitation or gas effervescence in near-wall low-pressure regions may additionally affect the slip effect for hydrophobic surfaces. The present work is focused on the comparison between cavitating and noncavitating flows around circular cylinders with lateral sectors with hydrophobic and non-hydrophobic coatings. The experiments are performed in a water tunnel, which consists of a water outgassing and cooling/heating section, honeycomb, contraction section, test section and diffuser. The water flow is driven by an electric pump, providing a bulk velocity up to 10 m/s in the transparent test section with 1 m length and 80×150 mm2 rectangular cross-section. The facility is equipped with an ultrasonic flowmeter, temperature and pressure sensors. Besides, the static pressure inside the water tunnel can be varied by using a special shaft section. The measurements are performed by using high-repetition and low-repetition PIV systems. The former is used for the analysis of large-scale flow dynamics in the wake region, whereas the latter one is used for high-resolution measurements in near-wall regions by using a long-distance microscope. The Reynolds number based on the bulk velocity of the flow, diameter of the cylinders (D = 26 mm) and kinematic viscosity of the water is varied up to 2×105.
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