Simultaneous Particle Tracking and Temperature Measurements during Additive Manufacturing using a High-speed Spectral Plenoptic Camera
In this work, a high-speed spectral plenoptic camera was used for three-dimensional (3D) simultaneous particle tracking and pyrometry measurements of hot spatter particles ejected during the metal additive manufacturing process. Additive manufacturing (AM) has an increasing role in the aerospace, energy, medical and automotive industry (DebRoy et al., 2018). While this new technology enables the production of highly advanced parts, research on the fundamental mechanisms governing the laser-matter interactions are an ongoing challenge because of the spatial and temporal resolution inherent to the AM process. One challenge is the characterization of spatter particles ejected from the melt pool, as these particles can be incorporated into the final part affecting the mechanical properties (Deng et al., 2020). One potential solution for simultaneously measuring velocity and temperature of the spatter particles is the spectral plenoptic camera.
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