Three-dimensional density measurements of a heated jet using laser-speckle tomographic background-oriented schlieren
Keywords:background-oriented schlieren, tomography, laser speckle, density measurement
Three-dimensional density field measurement techniques can be used to understand the complex heat transfer and mixing processes that occur in turbulent flows. Tomographic background-oriented schlieren (BOS) is an optical technique that can be used to measure the instantaneous three-dimensional density field in turbulent flows. Light rays propagating through the flow are deflected from their ambient path due to variations in refractive index related to the spatial density gradients. In BOS, a camera is placed looking through the flow at a reference image, which captures path-integrated information on the refractive index gradients in the form of apparent image displacements Richard and Raffel (2001). The displacements recorded simultaneously from many cameras placed around the flow form the basis of a tomographic reconstruction of the three-dimensional refractive index gradients Goldhahn and Seume (2007), from which the density field is obtained through integration of the gradients and application of the Gladstone-Dale relation.
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