Detecting vortical structures in time-resolved volumetric flow fields
Keywords:Quasi-streamwise vortices, pressure in vortices, cavitation, tomographic PTV
The detection of three-dimensional coherent vortical structures that get advected as well as deformed with time is a challenge. However, it is critical for the statistical analysis of these vortices, for example, the quasi-streamwise vortices (QSVs) in the near field of a turbulent shear layer, where cavitation inception typically occurs. These structures exhibit underlying correlations among different properties that can be derived from the velocity gradients. Exploiting these correlations, a pseudo-Lagrangian vortex detection method is proposed that uses k-means clustering based on vorticity magnitude and direction, values of λ2, strain rate structure, axial stretching, and location. The method facilitates the finding that QSVs have pressure minima that are lower than those in the surrounding flow, including the primary spanwise vortices. These minima typically appear after a period of axial stretching and before contraction events.
Copyright for all articles and abstracts is retained by their respective authors