Calibration correction of arbitrary optical distortions by non-parametric 3D disparity field for planar and volumetric PIV/LPT
Keywords:camera calibration, PIV, PTV/LPT, tomo PIV, optical distortions
In this study, a new image calibration approach is presented that corrects arbitrary optical distortions by utilizing non-parametric, 3D disparity fields. A calibration plate with a high spatial resolution (i.e., high density of calibration marks) was used to identify optical distortions that remain after the initial calibration, which were then used to create a correction field for the pinhole or polynomial mapping functions. Results from a pipe flow experiment with four cameras using volume self-calibration (VSC) and Shake-the-Box Lagrangian particle tracking (STB LPT) are presented and the impact of the improved calibration is discussed. Using the calibration marks with the correction field, distortions of initially more than 20 pixels are reduced below 1 pixel. Using VSC with the correction field allows further reduction of average calibration disparities below 0.02 pixels (maximum 0.5 pixels), whereas without a correction field the remaining average disparity is much higher at 1 pixel (maximum 5 pixels). STB analysis of the data shows a considerable higher spatial resolution at the pipe wall and a consistent spatial distribution of the number of detected particles in the measurement volume.
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