Experimentally obtained velocity and pressure fields of an open channel flow around a cylinder using RIM-SPIV
Keywords:pressure from velocity, refractive index matching
The quantification of velocity and pressure fields over streambeds is important for predicting sediment mobility and water exchange between stream and sediment interstitial spaces (Schmeeckle and Nelson, 2003; Tonina and Buffington, 2009). The latter is typically referred as hyporheic flow, which consists of surface water that flows through the streambed sediment pores (Tonina and Buffington, 2009). These fluxes are mainly driven by pressure gradients at the water sediment interface. In this paper, we report an experimental investigation of the time-averaged velocity and pressure field, quantified in a set of laboratory experiments using stereo PIV (Particle Image Velocimetry) with a non-toxic index-matched fluid, for an open channel flow around a barely submerged vertical cylinder as a model for plant stalk over a plane bed of coarse granular sediment, mimicking a stream gravel bed. This is the first time that such a velocity and pressure field is characterized experimentally for a free surface flow with irregular floor contour.
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