Super-resolution PIV using multi-frame displacement information
Keywords:super-resolution reconstruction, multi-frame, particle image velocimetry, particle image reconstruction
High-resolution (HR) fluid-flow velocity information is important to reliably analyze fluid measurements in particle image velocimetry (PIV), such as the boundary layer and turbulent flow. Efforts in PIV to enhance the resolution of flow fields are mainly based on single-frame information, which follows the velocity field estimation and may influence the final reconstruction accuracy. In this study, we propose a novel super-resolution (SR) reconstruction technology from another perspective, which consists of two parts: a multi-frame imaging system and a Bayesian-based multi-frame SR reconstruction algorithm. First, a splitbased imaging system is developed to obtain particle image pairs with fixed displacements. Subsequently, we present a Bayesian-based multi-frame SR (BMFSR) reconstruction algorithm to obtain an SR particle image. Multi-frame particle images collected by the developed system are used as the input low-resolution images for the following novel SR reconstruction algorithm. Synthetic and experimental particle images have been tested to verify the performance of the proposed technology, and the results are compared with the traditional and advanced reconstruction methods in PIV. The results and comparisons show that the proposed technology successfully achieves good performance in obtaining finer particle images and a more accurate velocity field.
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