A novel method to accurately align the laser sheet for planar and stereoscopic PIV
Keywords:Particle image velocimetry (PIV), Calibration, Laser sheet Alignment
Several techniques including two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) calibration are used for the calibration of two-component two-dimensional (2C-2D) particle image velocimetry (PIV) and three-component two-dimensional (3C-2D) stereoscopic PIV (SPIV) systems. A major requirement of these techniques is to keep the calibration target exactly at the position of the laser sheet within the field of view (FOV), which is very difficult to achieve (Raffel et al., 2018). In 3C-2D SPIV, several methods offer different correction schemes based on the disparity between the FOV of two stereo cameras produced due to misalignment, to account for the misalignment error. These techniques adjust the calibration or the measured displacement field in different ways to reduce the error which may introduce an unintended error in the measurement position and/or velocity such as a bias in the measured three-component 3C displacements. This paper introduces a novel method to align the laser sheet with the calibration target so that the uncertainty in displacement measurements is minimal. Ideally, it should be of the order of the uncertainty associated with PIV measurement so that no ad hoc post-correction scheme is required.
Copyright for all articles and abstracts is retained by their respective authors