Particle Detection by means of Machine Learning in Defocusing PTV


  • Maximilian Dreisbach Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  • Robin Leister Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  • Matthias Probst Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  • Pascal Friederich Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  • Alexander Stroh Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany
  • Jochen Kriegseis Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Germany



Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Defocusing Particle Tracking Velocimetry, Post-processing, Particle Detection


The accurate measurement of a fluid flow inside a measurement volume (MV) with limited optical access poses a challenge since the view on the MV is often partially obstructed for all but one viewing angle. Defocusing particle tracking velocimetry (DPTV) can be used to determine the instantaneous threedimensional velocity field of the flow with a standard PIV setup, requiring only a single optical axis. Current detection algorithms reach an out-of-plane accuracy in an order of magnitude lower than the planar accuracy, on top of a low rate of detected particles in comparison to other PTV approaches. These drawbacks originate from the low image quality due to noise, fluctuations in illumination, reflections and overlapping particle images. It has been shown that Machine Learning (ML) based detection is more robust against these adverse effects, due to the ability to leverage a higher amount of optical features for detection than conventional algorithms (Lecun et al. (1998)). Therefore, the present work addresses the applicability of ML algorithms in the post-processing of DPTV experiments, which will be evaluated on the ground of the DPTV experiments conducted by Leister and Kriegseis (2019). The setup of these experiments can be seen in Figure 1(a) and a section of a raw image recorded during the experiments in Figure 1(b).






Deep Learning and Data Assimilation