PIV and deformation measurements on the rotor blade of a rotating, scaled model wind turbine with flexible blades under tailored inflow conditions
Keywords:PIV, Photogrammetry, Model Wind Turbine, Active Grid, Wind Tunnel Experiments
Wind turbines face harsh inflow conditions when operating in the atmospheric boundary layer or in the wake of other wind turbines. The incoming velocity field can change within seconds due to the turbulent structures it contains, resulting in a rapid change of several degrees in the angle of attack for the rotating blade. Aerodynamics are hence rapidly altered, leading to changes of the occurring forces on the rotor. Such dynamic forces cause the blades to twist and bend, accelerating fatigue and reducing the lifetime of a turbine Spinato et al. (2009).
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