Three-dimensional temperature and velocity measurements in fluids using thermographic phosphor tracer particles
Many flows of technical and scientific interest are intrinsically three-dimensional. Extracting slices using planar measurement techniques allows only a limited view into the flow physics and can introduce ambiguities while investigating the extent of 3D regions. Nowadays, thanks to tremendous progress in the field of volumetric velocimetry, full 3D-3C velocity information can be gathered using tomographic PIV or PTV hence eliminating many of these ambiguities (Discetti and Coletti, 2018; Westerweel et al., 2013). However, for scalar quantities like temperature, 3D measurements remain challenging. Previous approaches for coupled 3D thermometry and velocimetry combined astigmatism PTV with encapsulated europium chelates particles (Massing et al., 2018) or tomographic PIV with thermochromic liquid crystals particles (Schiepel et al., 2021). Here we present a new technique based on solid thermographic phosphor tracer particles, which have been extensively used for planar fluid temperature and velocity measurements (Abram et al., 2018) and are applicable in a wide range of temperatures. The particles are seeded into a gas flow where their 3D positions are retrieved by triangulation from multiple views and their temperatures are derived from two-colour luminescence ratio imaging. In the following, the experimental setup and key processing steps are described before a demonstration of the concept in a turbulent heated jet is shown.
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