Measurement of the acoustic streaming pattern in a standing surface acoustic wave field
Keywords:APTV measurement, microfluidics, acoustic streaming, surface acoustic wave
The application of standing surface acoustic waves (sSAW) has enabled the development of many flexible and easily scalable concepts for the fractionation of particle solutions in the field of microfluidic lab-ona-chip devices. In this context, the acoustic radiation force (ARF) is often employed for the targeted manipulation of particle trajectories, whereas acoustically induced flows complicate efficient fractionation in many systems [Sehgal and Kirby (2017)]. Therefore, a characterization of the superimposed fluid motion is essential for the design of such devices. The present work focuses on a structural analysis of the acousticallyexcited flow, both in the center and in the outer regions of the standing wave field. For this, experimental flow measurements were conducted using astigmatism particle tracking velocimetry (APTV) [Cierpka et al. (2010)]. Through multiple approaches, we address the specific challenges for reliable velocity measurements in sSAW due to limited optical access, the influence of the ARF on particle motion, and regions of particle depletion caused by multiple pressure nodes along the channel width and height. Variations in frequency, channel geometry, and electrical power allow for conclusions to be drawn on the formation of a complex, three-dimensional vortex structure at the beginning and end of the sSAW.
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