Characterization of interactive force acting on colloidal particles near an electrode in presence of a high-frequency (>10 kHz) AC electric field using particle diffusometry


  • Kshitiz Gupta Purdue University
  • Dong Hoon Lee Purdue University
  • Steven T. Wereley Purdue University
  • Stuart J. Williams University of Louisville



Particle-electrode interaction, Particle diffusometry, Colloidal assembly


Colloidal particles like polystyrene beads and metallic micro and nanoparticles are known to assemble in crystal-like structures near an electrode surface under both DC and AC electric fields. Various studies have shown that this self-assembly is governed by a balance between an attractive electrohydrodynamic (EHD) force and an induced dipole-dipole repulsion (Trau et al., 1997). The EHD force originates from electrolyte flow caused by interaction between the electric field and the polarized double layers of both the particles and the electrode surface. The particles are found to either aggregate or repel from each other on application of electric field depending on the mobility of the ions in the electrolyte (Woehl et al., 2014). The particle motion in the electrode plane is studied well under various conditions however, not as many references are available in the literature that discuss the effects of the AC electric field on their out-of-plane motion, especially at high frequencies (>10 kHz). Haughey and Earnshaw (1998), and Fagan et al. (2005) have studied the particle motion perpendicular to the electrode plane and their average height from the electrode mostly in presence of DC or low frequency AC (<1 kHz) electric field. However, these studies do not provide enough insight towards the effects of high frequency (>10 kHz) electric field on the particles’ motion perpendicular to the electrode plane.






Micro Flows