Large Scale PIV for confined fires
Keywords:Large scale PIV, PIV processing, Fire, Enclosure fire
Fire safety engineering, including knowledge of fire dynamics and fire-related hazards is crucial for securing people as well as rescue teams during interventions. One of the main critical aspects remains in determining the smoke dynamics at openings where fresh air and hot fumes mix. This particular phenomenon, encountered in many enclosures fires can reveal either well ventilated or under-ventilated fires. The response techniques of rescue teams are different depending on the ventilation status. Merci et al. (2016), Bengtsson et al. (2001) and Pretrel et al. (2012) have studied fire in enclosures that occur in oxygen-limited conditions. Generally, smoke dynamics are studied by using different devices or techniques. These include, among others, Pitot probes and bidirectional probes or McCaffrey probes, McCaffrey and Heskestad (1976). However, these probes are intrusive and potentially affecting the smoke dynamics. Moreover, only one-point data are evaluated. To overcome this difficulty, laser techniques such as PIV can be set up, see Tieszen et al. (2002) , Hou et al. (1996) or Koched et al. (2012). PIV technique has already been used in case of well-ventilated and under-ventilated fires conditions. A natural extension of this technique remains in applying the PIV technique close to the outlet of the container in order to highlight exchanges between hot exhaust fumes and fresh incoming air.
The objectives of the paper remain threefold:
1. First, we propose a specific design of enclosure fire to ensure large scale PIV measurements inside the enclosure.
2. Second, the transition from ventilated to under ventilated fire conditions is evaluated
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