Visualization of Three-Dimensional Acoustic Streaming Flow Patterns around an Inclined Triangular Obstruction using Digital In-Line Holographic Micro-Particle Tracking Velocimetry


  • Sheng Po Hung National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan
  • Wei-Hsin Tien National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan



Digital Inline Holographic Microscopy, Acoustic Streaming, Particle Tracking Velocimetry


Acoustic Streaming is a flow phenomenon with many applications in the field of microfluidics, such as micro mixing[1, 2] and particle manipulation[3]. With the manufacturing techniques evolves, more complicated geometries can be designed for microfluidic device and 3-D acoustic streaming patterns may occurs. In this study, 3-D trajectories of particle induced by acoustic streaming around an inclined triangular obstruction in a microchannel were visualized by a volumetric tracking method using Digital Inline Holographic Microscopy (DIHM)[4-6]. The triangular obstruction has a tip angle of 20° and an inclined angle of 30°. The acoustic streaming is created under 12 kHz oscillation of a piezo plate driven by 20V voltage. Illuminated by a 450nm continuous laser, the magnified hologram of the motion of 1.79μm tracer particles was recorded by a low-cost 10X industrial microscope with a machine vision camera of 10 fps (frames per second). Using RayleighSommerfeld back-propagation method[7], particle locations was reconstructed frame by frame and 3-D tracking of individual particles was performed afterwards. The trajectories of each particle were reconstructed to reveal the vortical structure of the acoustic streaming flow. For the current system setup, the measurable range was estimated to be 550×685×840 μm3. The 3-D location reconstruction accuracy was verified with a calibration target and the location sensitivity was found to be linear throughout the measurable range. Reconstruction at different depth locations show that the dick-shaped calibration dots and the spherical polystyrene particles have different intensity profiles. The calibration dots show local minimum of intensity at the correct depth location, while polystyrene particles show local maximum of intensity instead. Resolved particle trajectories show that the acoustic streaming flows cause particles to move with 3-D spiral shaped motions near the side of the triangular obstruction, while particles away from the obstruction shows planar motions.

Author Biography

Wei-Hsin Tien, National Taiwan University of Science and Technology, Taiwan

Wei-Hsin Tien is an associate professor of the department of mechanical engineering in National Taiwan University of Science and Technology. His research interests include volumetric methods of PIV/PTV for microscopic flows, temperature sensitive tracer particles and its appications for thermometry and Acousticofluidics.






3D Methods and Applications