Fluorescent PIV using Atomized Liquid Particles
Keywords:PIV, Fluorescent, Seeding, Atomized, Liquid
It is shown that aerosolized fluorescent particles generated using a Venturi-type atomizer, from a solution of fluorescent Kiton Red 620 dye in a water/glycol fluid, provide effective flow seeding for fluorescent PIV. The atomized liquid particles were found to be of acceptable size for PIV purposes, with 92% of detected particles by number concentration measuring < 1 μm in diameter. A PIV application was conducted in a wind tunnel (freestream velocity U∞ = 27 m/s), using the particles for measurement of the boundary layer flow approaching a forward-facing step (approach boundary layer momentum thickness Reynolds number of Reθ = 5930), to identify potential benefits in near-wall regions normally affected by unwanted laser reflections from tunnel surfaces. Particles were generated from solutions with dye molar concentrations of 2.5 × 10−3 and 1.0 × 10−2 mol/L, and PIV images were obtained for both elastic Mie scattering and filtered, Stokes-shifted fluorescent light. Raw images indicate that the fluorescence yield of the 1.0 × 10−2 mol/L solution provides PIV images with high contrast, even in the near-surface regions where Mie scattering images are highly affected by surface reflections. Boundary layer profiles are processed in the adverse pressure gradient region leading up to the forward-facing step, where the fluorescent PIV performed comparably to the most optimized Mie scattering PIV; both obtained data as near to the wall as 30 μm, or 2 viscous wall units in our flow of interest. These results indicate that the new seeding method holds excellent promise for near-surface measurement applications with more complicated three-dimensional geometries, where it is impossible to arrange PIV cameras to reject surface-scattered light.
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