Validation of Multi-Frame PIV Image Interrogation Algorithms in the Spectral Domain


  • Steven Beresh Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, NM, USA
  • Douglas Neal LaVision Inc., Ypsilanti, MI, USA
  • Andrea Sciacchitano Delft University of Technology, Delft, The Netherlands



TR-PIV, multi-frame interrogation, spectral analysis


Multi-frame correlation algorithms for time-resolved PIV have been shown in previous studies to reduce noise and error levels in comparison with conventional two-frame correlations. However, none of these prior efforts tested the accuracy of the algorithms in spectral space. Even should a multi-frame algorithm reduce the error of vector computations summed over an entire data set, this does not imply that these improvements are observed at all frequencies. The present study examines the accuracy of velocity spectra in comparison with simultaneous hot-wire data. Results indicate that the high-frequency content of the spectrum is very sensitive to choice of the interrogation algorithm and may not return an accurate response. A top-hat-weighted sliding sum-of-correlation is contaminated by high-frequency ringing whereas Gaussian weighting is indistinguishable from a low-pass filtering effect. Some evidence suggests the pyramid correlation modestly increases bandwidth of the measurement at high frequencies. The apparent benefits of multi-frame interrogation algorithms may be limited in their ability to reveal additional spectral content of the flow.






Algorithms and Techniques