Investigation of turbulent boundary layer flows with adverse pressure gradient by means of 3D Lagrangian particle tracking with Shake-The-Box
Keywords:boundary layer, adverse pressure gradient, Lagrangian particle tracking, STB
A large-scale 3D Lagrangian particle tracking (LPT) investigation of a turbulent boundary layer (TBL) flow developing across different pressure gradient regions is presented in this study. Three high-speed multi-camera imaging systems, LED illumination and helium-filled soap bubbles (HFSB) tracers have been adopted to produce time-resolved sequences of particle images over a large volume encompassing approximately 3 m in the streamwise direction, 0:8 m in the spanwise direction and 0:25 m in the wall-normal direction. Individual tracers have been reconstructed and tracked within the imaged volume by means of the Shake-The-Box algorithm (STB, Schanz et al. (2016)); the FlowFit data assimilation algorithm (Gesemann et al. (2016)) has been used to evaluate the spatial velocity gradients and to interpolate the scattered LPT results onto a regular grid. Thanks to the large size of the investigated volume and to the time-resolved nature of the recorded images, the entire spatial extent of the large-scale coherent motions within the logarithmic region of the TBL (i.e. superstructures) could be captured and their dynamics investigated during their development over several boundary layer thickness in the streamwise direction, from the zero pressure gradient region (ZPG) to the adverse pressure gradient region (APG). Two free-stream velocities were investigated, namely 7 and 14m=s, corresponding to Ret ~ 3,000 and 5,000 respectively.
The results confirm the location and scale of the elongated high- and low-momentum structures in the logarithmic region, as well as their meandering in the spanwise direction. Two-point correlation statistics show that the width and spacing of the superstructures are not affected by the transition from the ZPG to the APG region. The analysis of the instantaneous flow realizations from both a Lagrangian and Eulerian perspective indicates the presence of significant fluid particle elements exchange across the interfaces of the large-scale structures.
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