3D Particle Tracking Velocimetry applied to droplets generated by breaking waves


  • Reyna Guadalupe RAMIREZ DE LA TORRE University of Oslo, Norway
  • Atle Jensen University of Oslo, Norway




ocean spray, waves, probability distribution function


One of the environmental difficulties of exploring the polar regions is marine icing. The understanding of this phenomenon is important for the safety of installations, ships and people that operates in these environments. One of the main sources of marine icing is wave breaking. Therefore, experimental and field work has been conducted to understand the break-up of waves in different situations and some explanation have been proposed to the instabilities that create the spray formation. In this work, two different situations of wave breaking were studied: 1. Solitary waves were created and steepened by the use of a beach. The waves impacted on a vertical wall with different wall heights. 2. Violent plunging breakers were created by a focusing wave train and a sloping beach. The main objective of these experiments was to quantify the production of droplets from the impact by using Particle Tracking Velocimetry in 3 dimensions. It was found that the initial distribution of droplet sizes is similar in both experiments. These distributions are compared with previous studies, where the distribution of droplet sizes in different experimental cases were approximated by lognormal, Weibull or G-distributions respectively.






3D Methods and Applications