Flow Field around the Badminton Shuttlecock during Flipping Motion
Keywords:Badminton shuttlecock, Aerodynamic stability
Badminton is one of the most popular sports in the world. The shuttlecock is used in badminton game has the unique shape. The shuttlecock is truncated cone-shaped and consists of a cork, gaps and a skirt portion. The shuttlecock has aerodynamic properties which differ from the ball used in other racquet sports. As an example of unique aerodynamic property, the shuttlecock shows high deceleration. It is known that the initial velocity immediately after smashing may reach up to 137m/s (493 km/h) at maximum. The velocities of the shuttlecock are reduced from the initial velocity of 67 m/s to the terminal velocity of approximately 7 m/s for approximately 0.6 s (Hubbard et al. 1997). In addition, turnover refers to the flipping experienced by a shuttlecock when undergoing heading change from nose pointing against the flight path at the moment of impact and a shuttlecock indicates the aerodynamically stable feature for the flip movement just after impact (Cohen et al. 2015). The turnover stability of a series of feather and synthetic shuttlecocks was measured to compare the performance of synthetic shuttlecocks to that of feather shuttlecocks (Calvin et al. 2013). The turnover stability of the shuttlecock is investigated through experiment and simulation, and the angular response of the shuttlecock in turnover was modelled and studied (Calvin et al. 2015). Furthermore, it was reported that the aerodynamic stability of the shuttlecock during flip movement was affected by gaps of the shuttlecock skirt in a previous study (Nakagawa et al. 2017). However, the mechanism of turnover stability of the shuttlecock has not been fully understood. The purpose of this study is to investigate the unsteady flow field around the shuttlecock during flip movements. In the present, we simulated the flipping motion by wind tunnel experiments and visualized the flow field around the shuttlecock by a PIV technique.
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