Reynolds stress tensor and pressure-related turbulence transport terms measured by time-resolved tomographic-PIV
Keywords:Tomographic-PIV, turbulent shear layer, Reynolds Stress Transport
Turbulence is inherently a three-dimensional and time dependent flow phenomenon (Pope, 2001). Because of the ubiquitous existence of turbulent flows in nature, accurate characterization of turbulent flows, either through experimental measurements or through direct numerical simulations, is of paramount importance for modeling turbulence (Liu and Katz, 2018). Since its inception in 1984 (Adrian, 1984), Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV), among several other conventional techniques used for turbulence measurements, has been a valuable tool for providing reliable experimental data for turbulence research. Several advancements in hardware such as high-speed cameras, together with innovative algorithms and procedures, have extended the scope of PIV to a variety of applications. Westerweel et al. (2013) point out in a recent review article that one of the main advantages of the PIV measurement is its unique ability in measuring quantitatively spatial derivatives of the flow field. With the development of Tomographic PIV introduced by Elsinga et al. (2006), it is now possible to measure simultaneously the distributions of three velocity components in a three-dimensional flow field, thus enabling us to measure all the velocity derivatives of a turbulent flow. However, for a thorough characterization of a turbulent flow, in addition to the velocity gradients, the instantaneous pressure distribution in the 3D flow field also needs to be measured.
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